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    杭州翻譯公司加你用13個句型記住高中全部語法

    時間:2016-01-28 16:16來源:未知 作者:hzhxfy88888
      

     1. as 句型

    (1) as引導方式狀語從句句型:“按照……;正如……”
    例:As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south. 
    正如(像) 你們國家一樣,我們北方種植小麥,南方種植水稻。
    (2) as+形容詞/副詞原級+(a /an)+名詞+as ;
    否定式:not as/so --- as
    例:He is as good a player as his sister.
    他和他姐姐一樣是位優秀的運動員。
    (3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……
    例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.
    她是一個如此的一個笨蛋以致相信了他所說的話。
    (4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……
    例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.
    他是如此的強壯以致于能提起那重箱子。
    (5) such...as... 象……之類的…… (接名詞或定語從句)
    例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.
    他希望成為一個像雷鋒這樣的人。
    (6) the same +名詞+as 和……一樣的…… (接名詞或定語從句)
    例:He is not the same man as he used to be.
    他不是從前的那樣子了。
    (7) as 引導非限制性定語從句
    例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.
    眾所周知,知識就是力量。
    (8)引導時間狀語從句,與while意義相近
    例:We get wiser as we get older. 
    隨著我們長大,我們也變得越來越聰明。
    (9) 引導原因狀語從句,與 because的用法相近
    例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.
    因為越來越遲了,所以我們不久就回來了。
    (10) 引導讓步狀語從句
    例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.
    盡管他是一個小孩,但他對科學了解得很多。
     
    2. prefer 句型
    (1) prefer to do sth
    例:I prefer to stay at home. 
    我寧愿呆在家里。
    (2) prefer doing sth
    例:I prefer playing in defence. 
    我喜歡打防守。
    (3) prefer sb to do sth
    例:Would you prefer me to stay? 
    你愿意我留下來嗎?
    (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……
    寧愿…...而不愿...
    例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.
    我寧愿呆在家里而不愿出去.
    (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth
    例:I prefer watching football to playing it.
    我喜歡看籃球,不喜歡打籃球。
    (6) prefer sth to sth
    例:I prefer tea to coffee. 
    我要茶不要咖啡。
     
    3. when 句型
    (1) be doing sth...when...
    例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
    他正笑著的時候門突然開了,他妻子走了進來。
    (2) be about to do sth ... when ...
    例:We were about to start when it began to rain.
    我們剛要出發,天就開始下雨了。
    (3) had just done ... when ...
    例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.
    在勞累了一天之后我剛剛就寢,電話鈴就響了。
     
    4. seem 句型
    (1) It +seems + that從句
    例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied. 
    看來好像每個人都很滿意。
    (2) It seems to sb that ...
    例:It seems to me that she is right. 
    我看她是對的,
    (3) There seems to be ...
    例:There seems to be a heavy rain. 
    看上去要有一場大雨。
    (4) It seems as if ...
    例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.
    看樣子她不能來上課了。
     
    5. 表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型
    (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 
    她比我高三英寸
    (2) There is one year between us. 
    我們之間相差一歲。
    (3) She is three years old than I. 
    她比我大三歲。
    (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 
    他們把價格上漲了50%
    (5) His salary has rised to 10,000 yuan per month.
    他的工資已經漲到了每月10,000元。
     
    6. what 引導的名詞性從句
    (1) what 引導主語從句
    例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.
    讓我吃驚的是每個人似乎對她都很冷淡。
    [ indifferent adj.不關心的;冷漠的]
    (2) what 引導賓語從句
    例:We can learn what we do not know.
    我們能學會我們不懂的東西。
    (3) what 引導表語從句
    例:That is what I want. 
    那正是我所要的。
    (4) what 引導同位語從句
    例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 
    我不知道他們正在談論什么。
     
    7. too句型
    (1) too ... to do ...
    例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.(=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)
    政治太重要了,不能由政治家來決定。
    (2) only too ... to do ...
    例:I shall be only too pleased to get home. 
    我要回到家里就非常高興。
    (3) too + adj + for sth
    例:These shoes are much too small for me. 
    我穿這雙鞋太小了。
    (4) too + adj + a + n.
    例:This is too difficult a text for me. 這篇課文對我來說太難了。
    (5) can't … too +形容詞  無論……也不為過
    例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
    我們再怎么強調保護眼睛的重要性也不為過。
     
    8. where 句型
    (1) where 引導的定語從句
    例:This is the house where he lived last year. 
    這就是他去年住過的房子。
    (2) where 引導的狀語從句
    例:Where there is a will,there is a way.
    有志者事竟成。
    He left his key where he could find.
    他將鑰匙放在易找到的地方。
    I will go where I want to go.
    我要去我想去的地方。
    (3) where 引導的表語從句
    例:This is where you are wrong. 
    這正是你錯的地方。
     
    9. wish 句型
    (1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人現在做某事
    例:I wish I were as strong as you. 
    我希望和你一樣強壯。
    (2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人過去做某事
    例: I wish you had told me earlier 
    要是你早點告訴我就好了。
    (3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人將來做某事
    例:I wish you would succeed this time. 
    我希望你這次會成功。
     
     
    10. would rather 句型
    (1) would rather do sth than do sth 寧愿做……而不愿做……
    例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.
    她寧可死也不去背叛祖國。
    (2) would rather have done sth 寧愿過去做過某事
    例:I would rather have taken his advice.
    我寧愿過去接受他的意見。
    (3) would rather sb had done sth 寧愿某人過去做過某事
    例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.
    我真希望通過上星期的考試。
    (4) would rather sb did sth 寧愿某人現在或將來做某事
    例: Who would you rather went with you? 
    你寧愿誰和你一起去?
     
    11. before 句型
    (1) before sb can/ could … 某人還沒來得及……
    例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me.
    我還沒來得及插話,他就給我量好了尺寸。
    (2) It will be +時間+ before + 還有多長時間……
    例:It will be 4 years before he graduates.
    他還有四年時間變畢業了。
    (3) had done some time before (才……)
    例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.
    我們航行了四天四夜才見到陸地。
    (4) had not done ... before ... 不到……就……
    例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.
    我們還沒走到一英里路就覺得累了。
    (5) It was not +一段時間+ before 不多久就……
    例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country.
    還沒到兩年他們離開了那國家。
     
    12. 強調句型
    (1) It is /was +被強調部分+that(who)...
    例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.
    是我昨天給我叔叔寫信的。
    (2) Is/was it + 被強調部分 + that (who) ...
    例:Was it your brother that you met in the street?
    在街上你遇見的是你兄弟嗎?
    (3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑問詞 + is/was it that ...
    例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?
    明天你究竟怎樣去看望她?
    (4) do/does/did +謂語動詞 (強調謂語)
    例:They do know the place well. 
    他們的確很熟悉那個地方。
     
    13. 用于表示過去未實現的希望和計劃的句型
    (1)would like to/ would love to have done sth.
    例:I would like to have written to you.
    我本想給你寫信的。
    (2) was / were going to do sth.(用過去將來時態表示原打算做什么)
    例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.
    Lucy 原打算看一場籃球比賽。
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